Panel 7. Kraje, kontynenty, rasy

piątek 7 czerwca 2019, 11:10-12:30

Mixed race, same sex – politics of intersectional representation – Kamila Pękała (UW)

In my presentation I would like to focus on the portrayal of queer and interracial couples in popular culture. Given the recurring comparison that is being made between same sex couples and interracial relationships, I would like to explore the intersection of both. My main area of interest focuses on whether non-heteronormative couples of different ethnic backgrounds are visible in popular TV series, and if so, how they are depicted. More precisely, I would like to uses as an example three series (The Handmaid’s Tales, Orange is the New Black, Shameless) that feature on-screen interracial queer romance, discuss their politics of representation and demonstrate three strategies that emerge as distinct approaches in a reflection on mixed race, same sex couples visibility and depiction. A variable central here for my study’s categories will be notion of racial self awareness. In my research I am using several sociological studies that describe the reality of queer, interracial relationships to juxtapose them with fiction representation in popular culture.

Sytuacja osób nieheteronormatywnych w krajach Ameryki Łacińskiej – mgr Magdalena Szkwarek (UW)

W 1967 roku w Argentynie powstała pierwsza w Ameryce Łacińskiej organizacja walcząca o prawa osób homoseksualnych. Od tamtego czasu w różnych krajach regionu podejmowano liczne inicjatywy, których celem było zwiększenie widoczności osób LGBT+ w społeczeństwie oraz włączanie do dyskursu publicznego zagadnień prawnych i kulturowych dotyczących społeczności nieheteronormatywnych. Działania podejmowane przez ruchy społeczne doprowadziły do legalizacji związków między osobami tej samej płci, włącznie z możliwością zawarcia małżeństwa ( w Argentynie i Urugwaju) i adopcją dzieci. Warto zatem spojrzeć na tę część świata i opisać mało znaną w Polsce historię ruchu LGBTQIA w krajach latynoamerykańskich oraz omówić przykłady rozwiązań, które przyczyniły się do zmniejszenia dyskryminacji ze względu na orientację i tożsamość płciową w regionie.

Colas, maricas y camionas: local models for local struggles in post dictatorship Chile – Catalina Ahuile Muñoz (Universidad de Chile)

Stonewall has been depicted as the major referent when it comes to LGBT politics, not only in the US but in many other countries that are under the influence of the US imperialism. Latin America is, perhaps, one of the regions that receives more US influence, specially since the violent establishment of the neoliberal economic model. This influence is not always positive, in many cases can pinkwash local struggles or install decontextualized demands that do not fit to local reality.

I want to invite you to decenter the movement from Stonewall and reflect on our local struggles, models and demands. I decided to focus on Chilean LGBT particularly, because it’s what I know more closely and because the US influence is huge when it comes to LGBT demands and the intrusion of capitalism in the struggles.

I will discuss this topic mostly guided by the figures of Pedro Lemebel and Gabriela Mistral. Lemebel was one of the most remarkable artists in Chile since the 80s until his death in 2015, proposing LGBT politics that are not centered in the US model but rather thinking on our local models and experiences. One of his more remembered phrases is “being poor and gay is worse” . Mistral won the Nobel prize and also one of the best latin american poets in the 20th century. Her homosexuality has been denied since forever and still today many people refuse to face it.

Among these two famous models I want to think on our everyday models, those who live “in the closet” in a small town where people gossip on them, the indigenous maricas, the invisibilized lesbians, among many others who are usually not considered in a movement where „whiteness” is the invisible norm; where gay demands are heard better than any other from the LGBTQIA list and assimilation seems to be the ultimate goal.

Lemebel was invited to Stonewall in 1994 and wrote a chronicle that inspired me to talk about this in the conference.

The Voice of Indonesian Gay Muslims: Finding Identities in Nation and Religion – Adelia Dinda Sani (Uniwersytet SWPS)

As a home to the largest Muslim population in the world, thousands of men in Indonesia identify themselves as both “gay” and “Muslim”. While the notion of homosexuality in Islam is highly prohibited by most religious leaders and Muslim society in general, Indonesian gay Muslims are facing a crisis of identity as the discourse between homosexuality and religion itself are considered as incompatible and contradictory. How is the struggle of Indonesian gay Muslims in finding their places in society? How do they perceive their identities in amid of cultural, religious, and moral values? Those are the questions that I mainly address in this paper through a secondary data analysis. Through the findings, I explore how Indonesian gay Muslims are rejected from the nation’s discourse of heteronormativity and how they are oppressed by the mainstreaming Islamic conservatism. (Keywords: Muslim gay, LGBTQ+, Indonesia, Islam, identity)